ISJFA Current Issue
International SAMANM Journal of Finance & Accounting (ISJFA)
Online ISSN 2308-2356 Print ISSN 2309-3439
Volume 6, Issue 1
Title: Relationship between Education and Economic Growth: Case Study of Pakistan
Abstract: The important part of a human’s life is education. The purpose of this study is that to determine the relationship among the expenditure of education and augmentation of economy in Pakistan. The data which is used for the period 1973-2011 is time series data. For estimation used co- integration technique in the long run relationship into the education and growth of economy. This study analyses the educational policies and activities and the work of education in improvement of economy in Pakistan. This article also estimates the rules for education zone and expands the economic growth of Pakistan. This article shows that education bear long term relation along economic augmentation.
Title: Determine How Capital Budgeting Affects Profitability of Women Owned Medium Enterprises in Siaya County
Abstract: The objective of this study was to determine how capital budgeting affects profitability of women owned medium enterprises in Siaya county. This study used theories that support the independent variables which included; Resource – Based Theory of entrepreneurship, goal setting theory and joint liability theory. This research was conducted in Siaya County, where a target population of 105managers of women owned medium enterprises was used and from which a sample size of 83 managers of women owned medium enterprises was selected through purposive sampling technique to represent the entire population. Primary data was collected by use of self- administered structured questionnaires which were distributed to the respondents in Bondo and Rarieda Sub – Counties. Data collected was organized in tables so as to be analyzed easily using Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS). Reliability of the research instrument was tested using Cronbach’s Alpha and the coefficient was found to be 0.967, which was accepted. The study employed both descriptive and inferential statistics and there was use of multiple linear regression model, Karl Pearson’s correlation, and ANOVA to analyze data. The results and findings were presented in form of frequency distribution tables and pie charts. Under descriptive statistics, percentages of responses were computed. The study revealed that capital budgeting has positive and significant relationship with profitability. The study concluded that short- and long-term targets help achieve the objectives of the business. The study recommended that a business should not only raise capital from owner’s savings, but also from debt so as to expand the capital base for profit maximization. The study further recommended that businesses should keep track of all credit sales so as to avoid bad debt. Women owned enterprises should therefore employ the financial management practices in this study, especially capital budgeting for profit maximization.
Title: A Comparative Study of Personality Traits of Students Belonging to ICSE and CBSE Board
Abstract: Every individual is said to have a personality of his own which is unique and distinct from every other personality. The present study intends to investigate and compare the personality traits of the students belonging to ICSE and CBSE. The study was conducted on Stratified Random Sample of 100 students (50 from ICSE School and 50 from CBSE School). Subjects were administered the Multidimensional Personality Inventory, constructed and standardized by Km. Manju Aggarwal, in a group to collect data. Results show that there was significant difference between students belonging to ICSE and CBSE Board on Extraversion – Introversion trait, self-concept, Dependence – Independence, Adjustment, and Anxiety. But they were similar in regard to Temperament.